How can I redact a document/PDF for free?
You can try free trial of pdffiller service. They have very good and flexible editor and make refund quite fast if you will not like it.
Can we read PDF file that is scanned actually and converted to PDF format (Image) ? I need to black out some specific region of text in that file. Don't know how to locate the specific region and black out that. Any help
As I have been asked…There are two possibiliies. If the area is known, the redaction tools of Acrobat XI (or for serious redaction, Redax) allows to set areas on the document which will be properly redacted.If the place to redact is not known, the scanned document must first be treated with OCR (which is also available in Acrobat XI). After OCR, use the Redaction tools to find the according text. For complex searches using Regular Expressions, you may seriously consider Redax by Appligent (the industry standard tool for Redaction).Hope this can help.
How do I black out text in Adobe Reader?
Open the PDF file in any pdf reader to redact in Preview. Black out text using any method you want (e.g. use the rectangle annotation tool with black as the color and choose the thickest border. Then draw the shape as many times as needed until your document is blacked out.) File Save As, and choose an image format such as PNG or GIF.Free PDF ReaderFoxit Reader
What is the Quora consensus on snake bite kits? I've heard arguments on both sides.
The Sawyer Extractor (and suction in general) is ineffective at best and harmful at worst. It has no business being marketed for snakebite treatment and should be banned.The short answer to the question of whether or not the Sawyer Extractor can effectively remove venom from the site of the bite is a resounding no: the Sawyer Extractor and all of the other "snakebite kit" variations employing suction, incisions, electricity, heat, cold, and so forth have been repeatedly shown to be completely ineffective at the task that they are designed and marketed for. They simply do not work. There is one clever application of the sawyer that has nothing to do with snakebite, which is for the removal of flesh-eating botfly larvae that can be acquired in various tropical regions of the world...see "Simple and effective field extraction of human botfly, Dermatobia hominis, using a venom extractor." Full text PDF link can be found here:http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/co...That is the only medical situation where this device may possibly prove helpful, though there are other alternatives such as surgical removal and occlusion of the larval site with nail polish or even a piece of meat. When it comes to snakebites, the Sawyer Extractor is not only completely ineffective at removing venom from tissue following a snakebite, but may actually prove harmful and cause a serious local necrosis (think in terms of a cookie-cutter style wound forming a deep cylinder of rotting dead tissue under the site of application). This may be due to a concentration of residual cytotoxic and myotoxic venoms near the site of the bite, while the majority of the venom will continue to diffuse into systemic circulation - but since we really don't know exactly why this happens that is purely speculation. For any interested parties, the article demonstrating this is titled: "Effects of a negative pressure venom extraction device (Extractor) on local tissue injury after artificial rattlesnake envenomation in a porcine model." I am attaching a link to the article here:Effects of a negative pressure venom extraction device (Extractor) on local tissue injury after artificial rattlesnake envenomation in a porcine mo... - PubMed - NCBIHere is a second PDF showing local tissue damage in a 7 year old boy who had a suction device applied to the site of the bite for 20 minutes prior to arrival at the emergency department:http://www.annemergmed.com/artic...There are probably several reasons why this type of first aid does not work. One issue is that the recurved fangs of vipers penetrate and inject venom deeply into the tissues beneath the skin, and the tunnel created when a fang penetrates the skin immediately collapses as soon as the fang is withdrawn. Another issue is that large quantities of venom are believed to diffuse very rapidly into different tissue compartments. This means that there is no direct route between the visible puncture marks on the surface to the area where venom was injected, and the significant quantity of venom is already well on its way. I have read the company's testimonials and seen the occasional news stories about a snakebite victim "whose life was saved by the Sawyer Extractor" or similar device, and all too often that is a quote attributed to the physician who treated them. I don't doubt the veracity of the quote as deeply entrenched myths and misinformation about snakes and snakebite are unfortunately as common in doctors as they are in the rest of society at this time. The Sawyer Extractor is popular because it provides us with an intuitively sound solution to the terrifying prospect of suffering a snakebite far from medical care and being left utterly helpless as the venom takes effect. But it is nothing more than a neatly packaged modern variation of the infamous "black stone" from Asia and Africa, a charred piece of cow bone that is stuck to the site of the snakebite and remains there absorbing fluid until all the venom has been drawn out of the bite whereupon it suddenly detaches and falls to the ground, is boiled or washed in milk to cleanse it of the venom, and ready to go when the next snakebite happens. Both of them provide the perfect optical illusion by visibly extracting some quantity of blood and straw-colored fluid (which looks incredibly similar to many viper venoms) from the site of the bite, but this is nothing more than the pale-yellow plasma and other exudate draining from the wound as edema sets in and the venom begins to show effect. If you feel like you have been duped, don't take it personally - the notion that a snakebite can be treated by somehow extracting the venom has successfully fooled us since at least the 1400's, when the black stone was first mentioned as the go-to remedy for treating snake envenomations. Several years ago, a close colleague of mine met a European surgeon who was in Central Africa on a medical mission and explained that he needn't worry about snakebite, because he always carried a black stone with him for such a situation...as you can see, even the most highly educated medical professionals are not immune to the myths that pervade the issue of snakebite. I grew up carrying a Sawyer Extractor with me whenever I went out to look for snakes and lizards, and no one would be happier to hear that the Sawyer Extractor did what it claims than those of us who work with snakes and face an incidence of snakebite many times higher than that of the larger population. But the reality is that these devices do not work for snakebites, and marketing them for that purpose is a dangerous action with potentially tragic consequences. Evidence-based medicine and all studies to date suggest that they are at best ineffective and at worst harmful. If you would like to see more evidence of this, check out:"Snakebite Suction Devices Don’t Remove Venom: They Just Suck" [http://www.doctorross.co.za/wp-c...]and“Suction for Venomous Snakebite: A Study of 'Mock Venom' Extraction in a Human Model" [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubm...].This product has no business being marketed for use on snakebite. Out of dozens of snakebite patients I have treated for viperid envenomation syndromes in West Africa alone, over 95% of them had already received bad first aid prior to seeking treatment at the hospital. Practices like cutting at or around the site of the bite, applying tourniquets to the bitten limb, and attempting to extract or neutralize venom using electricity, fire, permanganate, black stones, magic, mouths, mud, dung, leaves, ground up dried snakes, and yes - even fancy suction devices like the Sawyer Extractor - are dangerous and detrimental for two reasons. First, in a snakebite scenario time is tissue and a lot of it is wasted performing bad first aid. Many snakebite patients injure themselves by panicking immediately after the bite, and I have seen more than a few individuals who suffered serious traumatic injuries in addition to the snakebite because they took off running from the snake at full speed only to suddenly fall face-first onto a rock or trip and stumble over the edge of a steep embankment. The potential for traumatic injury is particularly problematic if the venom induces a coagulopathy. The second issue is that signs of an envenomation may in some cases take hours to appear, and the combination of seeing a useless suction device drawing fluid out of the bite along with a delayed onset of symptoms is an easy way to decide that you don't need medical care after all because you the used extractor less than minute after the bite and think that you saw it remove the venom, or you feel fine and don't want to inconvenience the whole group because you've all been planning this trip for months, or any number of other rationalizations we can make with ourselves to keep from going in to get the bite checked out.The majority of bites from venomous snakes in the United States are suffered by young men between the ages of 18 - 28 who are intoxicated (usually alcohol) and attempting to pick up, kill, or otherwise interact very closely with a potentially deadly snake. This is a demographic that is particularly prone to making the wrong decision about whether they should laugh it off cause they feel okay or should immediately seek medical care for a life-threatening emergency. There is an epidemiological mnemonic for snakebite demographics in the United States known as the five T’s: Toothless, Tattooed (or cut off T-shirt), lives in a Trailer, Touched or Teased the snake, and intoxicated at the time of the incident. It is surprisingly accurate. Don’t mess with snakes, and your chances of suffering a snakebite in North America will decrease by over 90%. This does not hold true in the developing world, however. While you still shouldn’t mess with snakes there, the majority of bites in sub-Saharan Africa and other developing regions are young people (often the breadwinners for their family) who encounter the snake while working in the fields, collecting firewood, fetching water, etc. They are often maimed or killed as a result, and the situation is complicated by a much greater diversity of venomous snake species outside of North America.
How do lawyers actually make redactions on documents?
I redacted documents by running a broad black magic marker heavily over the text to be omitted and then by copying that document and submitting the redacted copy. The redacted text could not then be recovered on either side of the page (at least I never became aware of anyone who recovered it). If I needed to transmit the redacted text electronically, I made a pdf file of it.Richard Wills, retired probate attorney originally licensed in CA & WA
What are some tips to delete items in PDF documents with Adobe acrobat?
There are several approaches you can take depending on what you need to delete.If need to edit/delete text and images, you need the Edit Text & Images mode. Text will be editable as columns or paragraphs or lines, depending on context. Images will be individually selectable. That won’t let you access vector objects though.To access vectors, or any individual objects for that matter, you need the Edit Object tool (sits under Print Production, only in Acrobat Pro). Additionally, it has a very handy feature, the opposite of deleting: it allows to isolate the chosen object and delete everything else on the page. For that, right-click your target with the Edit Object tool, and choose Save Selection As… command to create a new doc with a page containing just your selection.Both Edit Text & Images and Edit Object can sometimes create unpredictable groupings of text blocks. It may take some trial and error to get your text selection right. While at it, remember that with Edit Object you can access the Content pane from the leftmost sidebar to target a particular object inside a group. And if you need to delete parts of objects that are whole (e.g., fragments in a single image), you’ll have to edit that object externally. That capability is also best accessed with the Edit Object tool in its context menu (Edit image/Edit object commands).Sometimes the element you want to delete will turn out to be a part of a background or watermark. You can add/edit/remove these with related dedicated Watermark (for stuff above all content) and Background (same below all content) tools under Edit PDF.If you need to delete pages, open the Page Thumbnails pane on the left sidebar, make your selection (either contiguous or disjointed) and hit Delete/Backspace or use the context menu. Alternatively, just hit ctrl-shift-d/cmd-shift-d wherever you are.Now if you need to use custom logic to select object to delete or look for objects by their properties, use Preflight (under Print Production, only in Acrobat Pro). You can create a custom fixup based on a myriad available lookups, or find one that suits you out of the box.Sometimes what you need is not exactly deletion, you want to obscure or blackout parts of text or images that are confidential. That’s called redaction, and it’s done with the Redact tool (Acrobat Pro). You first mark up the text and areas of images to obscure, then configure the look and placeholder text of redaction labels, then apply your changes. BTW, these labels are not merely attached on top so you can delete them like any other object. The original text strings are physically deleted and images get white blocks burned in to replace redacted content. Before it’s finished, Acrobat will also offer you to delete hidden metadata that may contain traces of things you intended to redact, but I don’t recommend that, as it will usually result in the entire document getting rasterised (losing searchability and visual quality and growing in size). See some more details here: Oleg Sidorenko's answer to How do I black out text in Adobe Reader?And the answer would not be complete without mentioning slimming the PDF file size, as the process deletes (mostly invisible) objects along the way. I’ll mention that you can do that in an automated (File Save as Other Reduced Size PDF) or controlled fashion in Acrobat, and you can read about it in more detail here: Oleg Sidorenko's answer to How can I reduce the size of a PDF file?
What are low-cost alternatives to Illustrator and Photoshop?
Broadly speaking, Photoshop is great for working with bitmap pixel-based images: adjusting or manipulating photographs, creating illustrations, and the like.But you need spend a lot of time to learn Photoshop well.There are also some other wonderful but easy-to-use apps to speed up your work and make your graphic design work is simple and easy.there are Four strong candidates.PixelmatorPixelstyle Photo Editor MacAcornAffinity PhotoI have used Pixelstyle Photo Editor Mac a lot, and it's a reasonable layered painting tool. Pixelstyle Photo Editor is a nice PhotoShop alternative for mac. Vector illstration video reviews is available atMac Photo Editor Pixelstyle - Vector Illustration for Mac ( Features #2)The UI has been simplified, but I find some of the simplifications a little annoying. I think for a hardcore Photoshop user, they might find it incomplete.It's very quick, sports features like layer support and non-destructive filters, curves and levels. This best photo editing software for mac even lets you lay in text over your images, along with multiple drawing tools so you can add shapes and objects to your heart's content, including vector-based objects.Super Vectorizer is a professional auto vector-tracing app to convert bitmap image like JPEG, GIF, and PNG to clean, scalable vector graphics such as AI, SVG, DXF, PDF. It traces color and grayscale, black-and-white, skeletonization, and line.And another excellent app named Super PhotoCut which is really super to instantly remove background from photo within a few seconds. I used it a lot for my ebay shop listing. It saved me much time.PhotoCut has better refine result because it keep more flying hair as original.only 5 seconds, i got the target out with more details.
How is Camp different from Kitsch?
More of detailed answer later, but first a link to Susan Sontag's brilliant essay,Notes on Camp -This was done as white text on purple background, and may be hard to readDamn Hippies !http://interglacial.com/~sburke/...A pdf version in glorious black text on white background just as g*d intended -http://www.math.utah.edu/~lars/S...There is a commonplace use of the term kitsch. There at least two problems with they way many people use the term 1. They include almost any pop cultural item that is tacky. Not every color print of Jesus, or the saints is kitsch.2. They include items which have irony. Kitsch is irony free.Example of not Kitsch above. Note apparent irony, especially for those who identify Jesus with pacifism and don't know that Jesus is coming back with a sword.Pretty good definitions here -http://www.worldofkitsch.com/abo...Here's is a Wikipedia article on Kitsch. The first paragraph is solid and reasonable, and pretty much is the same as the common use of the term Kitsch. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KitschThe rest of the article soars off majestically on the wings on critical theory on steroids (or meth) to go far beyond kitsch or any theory of art criticism that has more than 5 supporters.The photo of the Puppy statue and the implicit identification of Jeff Koons with Kitsch is so deeply wrong...Moderators - If anyone has a problem with the images, I will be happy to remove them, or you may edit them out.